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Year 2

Year 2 Maths Key Skills

Number and Counting

  • I can count, order and compare numbers to 1000.
  • I have strategies for counting in ones, tens and hundreds.
  • I identify the place and value of each digit of corresponding numbers and can compare them.

Addition and Subtraction

  • I can do simple addition and subtraction within 1000.
  • I can add by re-grouping.
  • I can subtract by re-grouping.
  • I can use models and model drawings to find parts of a whole and find the whole from two or more parts. I can use these to solve simple word problems.
  • I can use models and model drawings to show when one or more sets are taken away. I can use this to solve simple word problems.
  • I can use number bonds in mental addition and subtraction.


  • Multiplication is conceptualised as multiplying a fixed number of objects by a certain number of times. The fixed number of objects refers to the number of objects in a group. The number of groups refers to the number of times it is multiplied.
  • I can multiply by 2, 3, 4 5, and 10.


  • Division is conceptualised as sharing or dividing a set of items into equal groups so that each group has the same number of items.
  • Division is conceptualised as the inverse of division.


  • I can measure using cm and m and compare length using these.
  • I can measure using g and kg and compare masses.
  • I can apply addition and subtraction concepts and techniques to solve length and mass problems.
  • I can apply multiplication and division concepts and techniques to solve length and mass problems.


  • I can change pence to pounds and pounds to pence and write it correctly.
  • I can compare amounts of money and solve 2 step word problems about money using all four operations.


  • I can read and write the time using hours and minutes.
  • I can use and understand the terms am, pm, 12 noon and midnight.
  • I recognise that the time taken between two given times can be measured in hours and minutes.


  • I understand that fractions make up equal parts of a whole.
  • I can compare and order simple fractions.
  • I can quantify add and subtract like fractions.
  • I can solve word problems involving fractions.


  • I know that the capacity of a container is the amount of space it can hold.
  • I know the volume of a container is the amount of space it contains.
  • The litre (ℓ) is a unit of measurement for volume.
  • I can add and subtract the volume in litres like whole numbers.
  • I can multiply and divide the volume in litres like whole numbers.


  • I can compare and interpret graphs or pictograms and solve problems related to them.
  • I can make picture graphs using different symbols or scales.


  • I can identify semi-circles and quarter circles.
  • I can visualise shapes as 3d shapes.

Additional Activities

  • Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line
  • Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
  • Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot
  • Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems
  • Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers
  • Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot
  • Recognise, find, name and write fractions , , and  of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
  • Write simple fractions for example, of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of and
  • Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
  • Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =
  • Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money
  • Compare and sequence intervals of time
  • Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
  • Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day
  • Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
  • Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces
  • Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, (for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid)
  • Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects
  • Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)
  • Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables.